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Listed in Category: Antibacterial medication

Biseptol 80 ml

Availability: In Stock



Active ingredients: Co-trimoxazole
Manufacturer: Medan Pharma Joint Stock Company
Country of origin: Poland
General description: Antibacterial sulfanilamide preparation

Pharmacological action

Co-trimoxazole is a combined antimicrobial drug consisting of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim in a 5: 1 ratio.

Sulfamethoxazole, similar in structure to para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), disrupts the synthesis of dihydrofolic acid in bacterial cells, preventing the incorporation of PABA into its molecule. Trimethoprim enhances the action of sulfamethoxazole, disrupting the reduction of dihydrofolic acid into a tetrahydrofolic - active form of folic acid, responsible for protein metabolism and division of the microbial cell.

Both components, thus, violate the process of the formation of folic acid, necessary for the synthesis by microorganisms of purine compounds, and then of nucleic acids (RNA and DNA). This breaks the formation of proteins and leads to the death of bacteria. In vitro is a broad-spectrum bactericidal drug, however, the sensitivity may depend on the geographical location.

Typically, sensitive infectious agents (a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of less than 80 mg / l for sulfamethoxazole): Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenzae (beta-lactamase-forming and beta-lactamase-forming strains), Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Escherichia coli (including enterotoxigenic strains), Citrobacter spp. (including Citrobacter freundii), Klebsiella spp. (including Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca), Enterobacter cloaceae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Hafnia alvei, Serratia spp. (including Serratia marcescens, Serratia liquefaciens), Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Morganella morganii. Shigella spp. (including Shigella flexneri, Shigella sonnet). Yersinia spp. (including Yersinia enterocolitica), Vibrio cholerae, Edwardsiella tarda, Alcaligenes faecalis, Burkholderia (Pseudomonas) cepacia, Burkholderia (Pseudomonas) pseudomallei.

Likewise, Brucella spp. Listeria monocytogenes, Nocardia asteroides, Pneumocystis carinii, Cyclospora cayetanensis may be sensitive.

Partially sensitive pathogens (IPC 80-160 mg / l for sulfamethoxazole): coagulase-negative strains of Staphylococcus spp. (including methicillin-sensitive and methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus). Streptococcus pneumoniae (penicillin-sensitive and penicillin-resistant strains), Haemophilus ducreyi, Providencia spp. (including Providencia rettgeri), Salmonella typhi. Salmonella enteritidis, Slenotrdphomonas maltophilia (formerly called Xanthomonas maltophilia), Acinetobacter Iwoffii, Acinetobacter baumanii, Aeromonas hydrophila.

Stable pathogens (MIC of more than 160 mg / l for sulfamethoxazole): Mycoplasma spp., Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Treponema pallidum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

If the drug is prescribed empirically, it is necessary to take into account local characteristics of resistance to the drug of possible pathogens of a specific infectious disease. In infections that can be caused by partially sensitive microorganisms, it is recommended that the sample be tested for sensitivity in order to exclude the resistance of the pathogen.


Infectious-inflammatory diseases caused by microorganisms sensitive to the preparation:

- respiratory tract infections: chronic bronchitis (exacerbation), pneumocystis pneumonia (treatment and prevention) in adults and children;

- ENT-organs infections: otitis media (in children);

- infections of the urino-genital organs: urinary tract infection, mild chancroid;

- Gastrointestinal infections: typhoid fever, paratyphoid, shigellosis (caused by sensitive strains of Shigella flexneri and Shigella sonnei);

- travelers' diarrhea caused by enterotoxic strains of Escherichia coli, cholera (in addition to replenishment of fluid and electrolytes);

- other bacterial infections (possible combination with antibiotics): nocardiosis, brucellosis (acute), actinomycosis, osteomyelitis (acute and chronic), South American blastomycosis, toxoplasmosis (as part of complex therapy).


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